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Tuesday, 11 September 2012 14:00

Just-in-Time in practice at Toyota

In reaction to a race to ‘best practice’ -- as reflected in initiatives such as TQM, JIT, re-engineering, and ‘lean manufacturing’ -- Hayes and Pisano (1994) encouraged managers to re-focus on achieving strategic fit by configuring production systems ‘through a series of interrelated and internally consistent choices [that reflect] the priorities and trade-offs in its competitive situation and strategy’. This had to be grounded in ‘a collection of evolving capabilities … which provide the flexibility needed to embark in new directions’. This admonition fit well in the organizational theory, i.e., Lawrence and Lorsch (1967), and operations management literature, i.e., Skinner (1974), which had encouraged ‘contingent’, ‘focused’ organizational forms.

Published in Best Practices

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